Cover Image

French Geodetic and Scientific Expedition to Lapland

Miljenko Solarić, Nikola Solarić


The paper describes surveying a part of the meridian arc in Lapland (border of Sweden and Finland). The field team had great difficulty with the climate and terrain configuration. However, they managed to prove that the Earth is roughly shaped as a rotational ellipsoid and confirm theoretical assumptions on Newton and Huygens that the arc length of one meridian degree near a pole is greater than at smaller latitudes.


triangulation chain; length of baseline; astronomic observations; difference in latitudes; zenith sector; quadrant; length of meridian arc degree; Lapland; rotational ellipsoid

Full Text:

PDF PDF (Hrvatski)

Copyright (c) 2015 Miljenko Solarić, Nikola Solarić

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

The Kartografija i Geoinformacije (Cartography and Geoinformation) journal publishes scientific and professional papers from cartography and other fields (geography, geodesy, geology, forestry, agronomy, history, architecture, pedagogy ...) if they are related to cartography and geoinformation.
We invite authors of papers or contributions to submit text in English (and Croatian if possible) using this site.

The Croatian Cartographic Society (CCS) does not necessarily endorse any opinions or recommendations made in article, review or extract contained in this journal nor do they necessarily represent CCS policy.
© CCS, Journal content is published under CC BY-SA licence.