From Stars to a Map. Pioneers of cartography - from the old ages to Mercator

Mirjanka Lechthaler


Determining the coordinates of an arbitrary position anywhere on the Earth’s surface was a utopia of many astronomers, geographers and cartographers for centuries. This journey, up to the present day, the century of satellite navigation, which brings results of meter accuracy, was long and difficult, accompanied by speculation, delusions and ingenious inventions. Cartographers played undoubtedly significant role in that area. Essential works of pioneers of cartography from the old ages to Mercator are presented in this paper. With his proposal of conformal cylindrical projection, Mercator left as heritage a work on which all navigation (maritime and aerial) maps and state coordinate systems of numerous European and non-European countries are based on.


history of cartography; big inventions; topographic maps; globes; Mercator cylindrical projection

Full Text:

PDF (Hrvatski) PDF

Copyright (c) 2013 Mirjanka Lechthaler

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

The Kartografija i Geoinformacije (Cartography and Geoinformation) journal publishes scientific and professional papers from cartography and other fields (geography, geodesy, geology, forestry, agronomy, history, architecture, pedagogy ...) if they are related to cartography and geoinformation.
We invite authors of papers or contributions to submit text in English (and Croatian if possible) using this site.

The Croatian Cartographic Society (CCS) does not necessarily endorse any opinions or recommendations made in article, review or extract contained in this journal nor do they necessarily represent CCS policy.
© CCS, Journal content is published under CC BY-SA licence.