Cartographic Rules and Differences in Nautical Data Visualization on Paper and Electronic Nautical Charts

Tea Duplančić Leder


This paper aims to present cartographic rules for the production of paper and electronic navigational charts and main differences in compilation, visualisation and representation of nautical information. Major differences between paper nautical charts and ENC are visualisation of nautical data: colour mixing, resolution of represented nautical objects, human control of display representation and fonts and signatures and chart content are described. It is concluded that electronic navigational charts have many advantages and few shortcomings to paper navigational charts.


paper charts; ENC; nautical chart visualisation

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Copyright (c) 2013 Tea Duplančić Leder

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