Principle of pegging out

Laying Out Land Parcels and the Oldest Boundary Stone in Croatia from the 4th Century BC

Miljenko Solarić, Nikola Solaric


Geographical position of the Chora Pharos (nowadays Starogradsko polje), climate conditions and brief historical development of colonization on the island of Hvar are described in the paper. Also described is how Greek from the island of Paros established the town Pharos (today’s Stari Grad) and how they constructed Chora Pharos (today’s Starogradsko polje). They divided the field Starogradsko polje into rectangular parcels with dimensions 1 Greek stage × 5 Greek stage (181 m × 905 m). The large project “Starogradsko polje” demonstrated that one Pharos foot equals 0.3026 m. They used the groma for pegging out orthogonal angles. Finally, there is a photograph of the boundary stone from the Chora Pharos (Starogradsko polje) from the 4th century before Christ which is deposited in the Archaeological Museum in Zagreb. This is the oldest boundary stone in Croatia and as geodesists, we can consider it a geodetic monument.


chora; ager; Starogradsko polje; Faros (Pharos); Stari Grad; Hvar; groma; kálamos (pole); Greeks; island of Páros; Pythagoras’ theorem; Greek foot; Greek stage; right angle; boundary stone; Romans

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Copyright (c) 2013 Miljenko Solarić, Nikola Solaric

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